Bounded spaces of coexistence
Land titling and settlers on indigenous domains in Mindanao, the Philippines
The delineation and titling of indigenous territories has become a significant component of the international struggle for recognition of and debate on indigenous peoples’ rights. Initiated in Latin America and intensely discussed, disputed, and partly implemented in North America, Australia, and New Zealand, the policy reached the Philippines in the mid-1990s. In response to civil society and indigenous peoples’ pressure, global development policy trends, and international advocacy , the Philippine govern- ment passed a comprehensive law on indigenous peoples’ rights that is unprecedented in the modern legal history of Southeast Asia. Through the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 19971, popularly known as IPRA, the state recognizes and pledges to promote the rights of the country’s non-Islamised indigenous peoples. On the basis of this statute, indigenous groups may delineate and claim a communal title to their territory – «ancestral domain» in Philippine usage –, a so-called Certificate of Ancestral Domain Title or CADT.