Umkehrung der Macht?
Film als Kritik am Film
Since the formal end of the European colonial hegemony, the discipline of anthropology has found itself confronted with a number of unresolved problems concerning not only conventional ethnographic methods but also global systems of domination. The colonial process deeply altered colonial societies and restructured contemporary realities; transnationalism and global migration challenge the construction of fixed cultural and racial differences and thus undermine simple binary oppositions. Manthia Diawara's film Rouch in Reverse can therefore be understood as an attempt to abandon the «grand narratives» and to undercut the discourses concerning the powerful and the disempowered. With his «Reverse anthropology», Diawara wants to challenge the images that come «straight out of the textbooks of my francophone upbringing in africa» revealing predetermined categories and concepts of identity. In this sense, as Gupta and Ferguson (1997: 47) point out, «changing the way we think about the relations of culture, power, and space opens the possibility of changing more than our [anthropological] texts».