Challenging the notion of heritage?
When states worldwide ratifi ed the 2003 UNESCO Convention on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICHC), eff orts to document and safeguard tangible and intangible culture reached a new peak. Previous drives from the United Nations Educational, Scientifi c and Cultural Organization that sought to preserve and safeguard culture had been targeted solely at the tangible; monuments and mobile material culture (Unesco 1972). Following the 2003 convention, however, UNESCO’s approach broadened to include intangible culture and values. The ICHC aims to sustain «a living, if endangered, tradition by supporting the conditions necessary for cultural reproduction» (Kirshenblatt-Gimblett 2006: 164).