Les jeux d'argent, un simulacre?
La construction savante d'une représentation
In this paper, the notion of the simulacrum is analyzed as a semantic operator that activates oppositions such as real-unreal, genuine-false, moral-immoral, the second term of which are commonly used to delegitimize gambling activities. Because they rely on a priori categories and stereotypes, these opposi tions, and thus the notion of the simulacrum, cannot be used as analytical tools in sociological studies of gambling practices. Nevertheless, the notion of the simulacrum does produce performative effects, and therefore cannot be totally expelled from these analyses. To the contrary, it should be considered as a form of «scholarly common sense», which, in the context examined here, frequently surfaces in the critical discourse of anti-gambling activists.
Institut d'anthropologie et de sociologie, BFSH 2, Université de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne;