Dossier

Ausgabe 7

Ohne Sauberkeit keine Gesundheit

Hygiene im Alltag von Dar es Salaam, Tansania

Seite 66
Brigit Obrist

This examination of local health experiences in Dar es Salaam is grounded in ethnographic field research. It shows that women interpret health mainly in terms of cleanliness and argues that this mirrors the hygiene discourse strongly promoted by the socialist state of Julius Nyerere in the 1960s and 1970s. After the crisis of the 1980s and the liberalization of the 1990s, women face increasing difficulties in applying their views of hygiene to daily life, as a close look at «water provision» and «solid waste removal» demonstrates. Women experience and describe their difficulties as a practical and emotional burden. This burden, in fact, represents the tension between a global idea — hygiene — and local constraints — poverty, social exclusion and corruption in a particular locality.

Brigit Obrist van Eeuwijk ist Privatdozentin und wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Ethnologischen Seminar der Universität Basel. Seit 1993 führte sie in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Schweizerischen Tropeninstitut in Basel verschiedene Forschungsprojekte in Tansania durch. Im Zentrum ihres Interesses steht die Gesundheit in Städten der «Dritten Welt» aus einer Gender-Perspektive.
Brigit.Obrist@unibas.ch